(1494) Agreement between Spain and Portugal which shares the colonization rights of all countries outside Europe. The Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494 properly divided the „New World“ into countries, resources and people claimed by Spain and Portugal. The red vertical line, which intersects through eastern Brazil, represents the gap. The treaty worked well for the Spanish and Portuguese empires, but less so for the 50 million people who already live in well-established communities in America. On June 7, 1494, the Spanish and Portuguese governments approved the Treaty of Tordesillas, named after the spanish city where it was founded. The Treaty of Tordesillas properly divided America`s „New World“ between the two superpowers. Spain and Portugal divided the New World by drawing a North-South demarcation line in the Atlantic Ocean, about 100 miles (555 kilometers or 345 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands, off Northwest Africa and then controlled by Portugal. All countries east of this line (about 46 degrees, 37 minutes west) were claimed by Portugal. All the countries to the west of this line were claimed by Spain. Spain and Portugal respected the treaty without major conflict, although the 1506 demarcation line was moved by an additional 270 leagues (about 1500 kilometers, or 932 miles) further west, allowing Portugal to claim the east coast of present-day Brazil. The results of this treaty are still visible today throughout America.
For example, all Latin American nations are predominantly Spanish-speaking countries, with the sole exception of Brazil, where Portuguese is the national language. This is due to the fact that the eastern tip of Brazil is located east of the demarcation line defined by the Treaty of Tordesillas and was the place where the majority of Portuguese colonization took place. The borders of modern Brazil have expanded since the enlargement of the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1506. Spain and Portugal were the only signatories to the treaty because at that time they were the only European powers to establish a presence in America. The treaty does not take into account the future claims of the British, French and other European superpowers of their respective eras. The British, French, and Dutch empires did not claim parts of America until years after the Treaty of Tordesillas, but more importantly, the Treaty of Tordesillas totally ignored the millions of people who already lived in well-established communities in America. The treaty provided that lands with a „Christian king“ were not to be colonized. . . .