Some countries, such as Britain in the nineteenth century and Chile and China in recent decades, have made unilateral tariff cuts – reductions made independently and without any reciprocal action by other countries. The advantage of unilateral free trade is that a country can immediately reap the benefits of free trade. Countries that remove trade barriers themselves do not need to postpone reforms as they try to convince other nations to follow suit. The benefits of such trade liberalization are considerable: several studies have shown that incomes rise faster in countries open to international trade than in countries more closed to trade. Dramatic examples of this phenomenon are the rapid growth of China after 1978 and India after 1991, which indicate when major trade reforms took place. The current impasses in the WTO are also a sign that the international trading system has changed considerably over the past 20 years. The system has evolved and new actors – mainly countries with economies in transition and developing countries – play a central role. The liberalization of the international trading system has benefited some developing countries that have experienced a period of unprecedented economic growth. The EU is well aware of this new dynamic. She stressed the need to go beyond the approach of the negotiations of recent years and experiment with innovative approaches to address the growing importance of regulatory issues in relation to tariffs. Among the original GATT members, Syria Lebanon and SFR Yugoslavia did not join the WTO. Since the FRYY (renamed Serbia and Montenegro and divided in two by subsequent accession negotiations) is not recognised as the direct successor State to the SFRJ; This is why its application is considered a new application (not GATT).
On 4 May 2010, the WTO General Council agreed to establish a working group to examine Syria`s application for WTO membership.   On 31 December 1995, the parties that created the WTO terminated the formal agreement on the terms of the GATT 1947. . . .